The Narmer Catalog

Inscription Detail

0085 (Coptos Colossi)

Source No: 0085

Date: Narmer(?)

Dated by: royal name

Type: inscription on statue

Material: limestone

Region: Upper Egypt

Site: Coptos

Locality:

Depository: Egyptian Museum ( Cairo )

Registration No. JdE 30770

References

Petrie, 1896

p. 8

pl. III

Williams, 1988

pp. 35-59

p. 36, fig. 1; p.38, fig. 2; p. 39, fig. 3a

Vernus, 1993

p. 90

Kahl, 1994

p. 176

Dreyer, 1995

pp. 49-56

pls. 9, 10c

Dreyer, 1998

pp. 175-177

p. 177, fig. 104; pl. 44c

Yurco, 1999

p. 204

Kemp, 2000

pp. 211-42

p. 213, fig. 3; p. 215, fig. 7; p. 221, fig. 10a-c

Ciałowicz, 2001b

p. 116

Baqué Manzano, 2002

pp. 36-37

Raffaele, 2003

pp. 108-109

Pätznick, 2009

Appendix A, no. 49.1

Comments

The Cairo Coptos Colossi has four inscriptions that have been discussed in connection with Narmer. They have been designated by Kahl 1994 and Regulski as 85a (Williams 1988: fig. 3a), 85b (fig. 1a), 85c (fig. 1b), and 85d (fig. 1c). Kahl 1994 and Regulski classify 85a and 85b as Narmer. 85c and 85d are classified as (Narmer). In the Narmer Catalog all four inscriptions are included in source no. 0085.
The debate over these inscriptions has primarily focused on fig 3a. and 1a. It is important to note that fig. 3a is a reconstruction, and the accuracy of fig.1a has been questioned.
Dreyer (1995, pl.10c) and Kemp (2000, fig.10a) (both reproduced on this page) show the fig. 3a inscription before reconstruction. In addition to Kahl and Regulski, Williams (1988: 37), Vernus 1993, Dreyer 1995 and 1996, Yurco 1999, Raffaele 2003, and Pätnick 2009 attribute the inscription reconstructed as fig. 3a to Narmer. According to Dreyer (1995: 52), “Williams’s reconstruction is very convincing”. In contrast, Ciałowicz describes it as Narmer(?), Petrie 1896 describes it as a flying bird (?), and Kemp (2000: 223-226) describes it as a falcon.
Inscription fig. 1a is described as a catfish – hence representing Narmer – by Williams (1988: 36) and Dreyer (1995: 52). Referring to fig. 1a-c, Kemp (2000: 226) says “The graffiti, it should be noted, offer no support to the Narmer reading. The copies Williams uses are not wholly correct and gain significance in being shown, on their own, whereas they are actually selected from many more scratched lines which derive from subsequent attention to the surface of the statue. The drawing of the catfish-design has been given a ‘tail’ when in actuality it passes into an area where the original surface of the stone has been lost.”
Baqué-Manzano 2002 discusses all of the inscriptions and is skeptical of Williams’s interpretation.

0085 (Coptos Colossi)

Williams, 1988, p. 39, fig. 3a (reconstruction)

0085 (Coptos Colossi)

Williams, 1988, p. 36, fig. 1

More Images

Dreyer, 1995, pl. 10c, photograph of the middle part of the petroglyph panel on the Cairo Colossus (Owen)

Dreyer, 1995, pl. 9a

Dreyer, 1995, pl. 9b

Kemp, 2000, p. 213, fig. 3

Kemp, 2000, p. 215, fig. 7

Kemp, 2000, p. 221, fig. 10a-c


The Narmer Catalog

Inscription Detail

Source No:0085
Date:Narmer(?)
Dated by:royal name
Type:inscription on statue
Material:limestone
Region:Upper Egypt
Site:Coptos
Locality:
Depository:Egyptian Museum ( Cairo )
Registration No.JdE 30770
References Discussion Figure/Plate
Petrie, 1896 p. 8 pl. III
Williams, 1988 pp. 35-59 p. 36, fig. 1; p.38, fig. 2; p. 39, fig. 3a
Vernus, 1993 p. 90
Kahl, 1994 p. 176
Dreyer, 1995 pp. 49-56 pls. 9, 10c
Dreyer, 1998 pp. 175-177 p. 177, fig. 104; pl. 44c
Yurco, 1999 p. 204
Kemp, 2000 pp. 211-42 p. 213, fig. 3; p. 215, fig. 7; p. 221, fig. 10a-c
Ciałowicz, 2001b p. 116
Baqué Manzano, 2002 pp. 36-37
Raffaele, 2003 pp. 108-109
Pätznick, 2009 Appendix A, no. 49.1

Comments: The Cairo Coptos Colossi has four inscriptions that have been discussed in connection with Narmer. They have been designated by Kahl 1994 and Regulski as 85a (Williams 1988: fig. 3a), 85b (fig. 1a), 85c (fig. 1b), and 85d (fig. 1c). Kahl 1994 and Regulski classify 85a and 85b as Narmer. 85c and 85d are classified as (Narmer). In the Narmer Catalog all four inscriptions are included in source no. 0085. The debate over these inscriptions has primarily focused on fig 3a. and 1a. It is important to note that fig. 3a is a reconstruction, and the accuracy of fig.1a has been questioned. Dreyer (1995, pl.10c) and Kemp (2000, fig.10a) (both reproduced on this page) show the fig. 3a inscription before reconstruction. In addition to Kahl and Regulski, Williams (1988: 37), Vernus 1993, Dreyer 1995 and 1996, Yurco 1999, Raffaele 2003, and Pätnick 2009 attribute the inscription reconstructed as fig. 3a to Narmer. According to Dreyer (1995: 52), “Williams’s reconstruction is very convincing”. In contrast, Ciałowicz describes it as Narmer(?), Petrie 1896 describes it as a flying bird (?), and Kemp (2000: 223-226) describes it as a falcon. Inscription fig. 1a is described as a catfish – hence representing Narmer – by Williams (1988: 36) and Dreyer (1995: 52). Referring to fig. 1a-c, Kemp (2000: 226) says “The graffiti, it should be noted, offer no support to the Narmer reading. The copies Williams uses are not wholly correct and gain significance in being shown, on their own, whereas they are actually selected from many more scratched lines which derive from subsequent attention to the surface of the statue. The drawing of the catfish-design has been given a ‘tail’ when in actuality it passes into an area where the original surface of the stone has been lost.” Baqué-Manzano 2002 discusses all of the inscriptions and is skeptical of Williams’s interpretation.


Images

0085 (Coptos Colossi)

Williams, 1988, p. 39, fig. 3a (reconstruction)

0085 (Coptos Colossi)

Williams, 1988, p. 36, fig. 1

0085 (Coptos Colossi)

Dreyer, 1995, pl. 10c, photograph of the middle part of the petroglyph panel on the Cairo Colossus (Owen)

0085 (Coptos Colossi)

Dreyer, 1995, pl. 9a

0085 (Coptos Colossi)

Dreyer, 1995, pl. 9b

0085 (Coptos Colossi)

Kemp, 2000, p. 213, fig. 3

0085 (Coptos Colossi)

Kemp, 2000, p. 215, fig. 7

0085 (Coptos Colossi)

Kemp, 2000, p. 221, fig. 10a-c

Inscription not found

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