The Narmer Catalog

Inscription Detail

0110 (Unusual Narmer(?) serekh from Tarkhan)

Source No: 0110

Date: Narmer(?)

Dated by: royal name

Type: inscription on vessel ( jar )

Material: pottery

Region: Memphite region

Site: Tarkhan

Locality: tomb 1702

Depository: Petrie Museum ( UCL )

Registration No. UC16084

References

Petrie, 1914, Tarkhan II

p. 10

pls. VI.2, XX.1, XXX.74b (right)

Hertz, 1931

p. 85

Godron, 1949

p. 217

Fischer, 1963

p. 44

p. 45, fig. 2 (right)

Helck, 1982

p. 349

Kaiser, 1982

pp. 262-268, pp. 266-267, fig. 15.6

p. 263, fig. 14.6

Helck, 1987

pp. 90, 94

von der Way, 1993

p. 99

p. 100, fig. 22.3

Kahl, 1994

p. 178

van den Brink, 1996

pp. 140-145

p. 145, fig. 2.7 (IIb.9); pl. 26a

Wilkinson, 1999

p. 54

Ciałowicz, 2000

p. 63

Hendrickx, 2001

pp. 90-95

van den Brink, 2001

pp. 39-40, 94, no. 16

p. 40, fig. 16

Ciałowicz, 2001b

pp. 23-25

Jiménez-Serrano, 2003

p. 118 (2E-TAR1)

Raffaele, 2003

p. 116

p. 141, no. 13

Pätznick, 2009

Appendix A, p. 314, no. 17.4

Alejandro Jiménez-Serrano, personal communication, 2017

Günter Dreyer, personal communication, 2017

Renée Friedman, personal communication, 2017

Stan Hendrickx, personal communication, 2017

Petrie (University College London)

UC16084

Regulski, Database of Early Dynastic Inscriptions

Comments

The basis of the controversy over this inscription is how to interpret the symbol in the name panel of the serekh. At first, it was read as a stylized “forepart of a lion” (Gardiner symbol F4), transliterated as “Hati by Petrie,1914, and H3t by Hertz, 1931. Later, it was read as a stylized catfish (Nar), hence an abbreviation for Narmer (Gordon 1949a, Fischer 1963, Kahl 1994, Pätznick 2009, Helck, and Regulski). Kaiser 1982: 264-265, rejects the Narmer reading based on the type of pottery and the stratigraphy of the grave site as being earlier than Narmer. He interprets the symbol as H3.t, and reads the inscription as the name of king H3.t-Hr. The Hr (Horus) is implied since it doesn’t appear on the inscription. This interpretation has been adopted by van den Brink, 1996 and Raffaele, 2003. Wilkinson, 1999 says that it could be either Narmer or Hat-Hor (another transliteration of H3.t-Hr).
Jiménez-Serrano 2003 argues that the absence of a falcon rules out the name Hat-Hr, and suggests just Hat instead. The problem with this interpretation is that H3.t means “foremost in”. It doesn’t work grammatically without an object.
A recent proposal by Heagy and Dreyer (personal communication 2017) suggest that since the
serekh shows a palace façade, but not a falcon, it should be read as “foremost in the palace”, a generic reference to the king or kingship. Friedman, Hendrickx, and Jiménez-Serrano (personal communications, 2017) have endorsed this interpretation.

0110 (Unusual Narmer(?) serekh from Tarkhan)

Petrie, 1914, Tarkhan II, pl. XX.1

0110 (Unusual Narmer(?) serekh from Tarkhan)

Petrie (University College London), Courtesy of the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, UCL, UC16084

More Images

Petrie, 1914, Tarkhan II, pl. XXX, 74b (right)

Petrie (University College London), Courtesy of the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, UCL, UC16084

van den Brink, 1996, pl. 26a

Petrie, 1914, Tarkhan II, pl. VI.2


The Narmer Catalog

Inscription Detail

Source No:0110
Date:Narmer(?)
Dated by:royal name
Type:inscription on vessel ( jar )
Material:pottery
Region:Memphite region
Site:Tarkhan
Locality:tomb 1702
Depository:Petrie Museum ( UCL )
Registration No.UC16084
References Discussion Figure/Plate
Petrie, 1914, Tarkhan II p. 10 pls. VI.2, XX.1, XXX.74b (right)
Hertz, 1931 p. 85
Godron, 1949 p. 217
Fischer, 1963 p. 44 p. 45, fig. 2 (right)
Helck, 1982 p. 349
Kaiser, 1982 pp. 262-268, pp. 266-267, fig. 15.6 p. 263, fig. 14.6
Helck, 1987 pp. 90, 94
von der Way, 1993 p. 99 p. 100, fig. 22.3
Kahl, 1994 p. 178
van den Brink, 1996 pp. 140-145 p. 145, fig. 2.7 (IIb.9); pl. 26a
Wilkinson, 1999 p. 54
Ciałowicz, 2000 p. 63
Hendrickx, 2001 pp. 90-95
van den Brink, 2001 pp. 39-40, 94, no. 16 p. 40, fig. 16
Ciałowicz, 2001b pp. 23-25
Jiménez-Serrano, 2003 p. 118 (2E-TAR1)
Raffaele, 2003 p. 116 p. 141, no. 13
Pätznick, 2009 Appendix A, p. 314, no. 17.4
Alejandro Jiménez-Serrano, personal communication, 2017
Günter Dreyer, personal communication, 2017
Renée Friedman, personal communication, 2017
Stan Hendrickx, personal communication, 2017
Petrie (University College London) UC16084
Regulski, Database of Early Dynastic Inscriptions

Comments: The basis of the controversy over this inscription is how to interpret the symbol in the name panel of the serekh. At first, it was read as a stylized “forepart of a lion” (Gardiner symbol F4), transliterated as “Hati by Petrie,1914, and H3t by Hertz, 1931. Later, it was read as a stylized catfish (Nar), hence an abbreviation for Narmer (Gordon 1949a, Fischer 1963, Kahl 1994, Pätznick 2009, Helck, and Regulski). Kaiser 1982: 264-265, rejects the Narmer reading based on the type of pottery and the stratigraphy of the grave site as being earlier than Narmer. He interprets the symbol as H3.t, and reads the inscription as the name of king H3.t-Hr. The Hr (Horus) is implied since it doesn’t appear on the inscription. This interpretation has been adopted by van den Brink, 1996 and Raffaele, 2003. Wilkinson, 1999 says that it could be either Narmer or Hat-Hor (another transliteration of H3.t-Hr). Jiménez-Serrano 2003 argues that the absence of a falcon rules out the name Hat-Hr, and suggests just Hat instead. The problem with this interpretation is that H3.t means “foremost in”. It doesn’t work grammatically without an object. A recent proposal by Heagy and Dreyer (personal communication 2017) suggest that since the serekh shows a palace façade, but not a falcon, it should be read as “foremost in the palace”, a generic reference to the king or kingship. Friedman, Hendrickx, and Jiménez-Serrano (personal communications, 2017) have endorsed this interpretation.


Images

0110 (Unusual Narmer(?) serekh from Tarkhan)

Petrie, 1914, Tarkhan II, pl. XX.1

0110 (Unusual Narmer(?) serekh from Tarkhan)

Petrie (University College London), Courtesy of the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, UCL, UC16084

0110 (Unusual Narmer(?) serekh from Tarkhan)

Petrie, 1914, Tarkhan II, pl. XXX, 74b (right)

0110 (Unusual Narmer(?) serekh from Tarkhan)

Petrie (University College London), Courtesy of the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, UCL, UC16084

0110 (Unusual Narmer(?) serekh from Tarkhan)

van den Brink, 1996, pl. 26a

0110 (Unusual Narmer(?) serekh from Tarkhan)

Petrie, 1914, Tarkhan II, pl. VI.2

Inscription not found

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