The Narmer Catalog

About the Narmer Catalog

The Narmer Catalog is designed to facilitate research and understanding of Narmer, the first king of Ancient Egypt.

It presents all contemporary, written archaeological evidence directly related to Narmer and makes it readily accessible to researchers and interested members of the public.


The first version of the Narmer Catalog database was created while researching and drafting the article, "Who was Menes?", published in 2014 in Archéo-Nil and is available on this website. The Narmer Catalog expands upon the Database of Early Dynastic Inscriptions compiled by Ilona Regulski, which was partially based on Kahl 1994, who relied, to a great extent, on Kaplony 1963 and 1964. The Narmer Catalog contains 114 entries.

The philosophy of the Narmer Catalog is to include any inscription that has ever been identified as bearing Narmer’s name or dating to his reign, even when the designation seems doubtful, or, in some cases, has been disproved. They are all part of the historical discussion. The reader of the Narmer Catalog will be able to see images of a disputed inscription, references, and explanatory comments about the inscription. In this way he or she can make their own conclusion.

Inscription Details

The information for each record in the catalog includes:


This project would not have been possible without the kind permission of Ilona Regulski to use the Database of Early Dynastic Inscriptions as the foundation of the Narmer Catalog. Elise MacArthur designed the database, assisted by Jason Mundok. She also translated articles and was my chief research assistant. Michael Bridgman of MajorMega implemented the web site. Rozenn Bailleul-LeSuer, Natasha Ayers and Brendan Hainline acted as research assistants and translators. Renée Friedman provided encouragement and numerous comments. Stan Hendrickx provided the Narmer Palette Bibliography. His Analytic Bibliography of the Prehistory and the Early Dynastic Period of Egypt and Northern Sudan (1995) and the annual updates in Archéo-Nil were invaluable in finding references. The Catalog was first suggested to me by Günter Dreyer, who has also provided numerous comments. Additional helpful comments were received from Edwin van den Brink, Jean-Pierre Pätznick, and Lisa Mawdsley.

— Thomas C. Heagy

Inscription not found